Holden Comprehensive Cancer Center
Screening Guidelines, Tests, and Symptoms
Screening Tests for MenCreation Date: February 2004
Last Revision Date: July 2005
Peer Review Status: Reviewed by Cancer Information Service
Screening for prostate cancer is controversial. Although three types of screening tests are available, each test can produce false results, which could lead to unnecessary treatments which can be harmful. Research is being done to determine the best method of screening for prostate cancer. Talk with your doctor about what is best for you.
American Cancer Society (ACS)
Information should be provided to all men about what is known and what is uncertain about the benefits and limitations of early detection and treatment of prostate cancer so that they can make an informed decision about testing.
Men who ask their doctor to make the decision on their behalf should be tested. Discouraging testing is not appropriate. Also, not offering testing is not appropriate.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
The U.S. Preventative Services Task Force
Patients who request screening should be given information about the potential benefits and harms of early detection and treatment and discuss these issues with your doctor.
If screening is performed, the best approach is to screen with digital rectal exam and the PSA blood test.
Exams and Tests Explained:
The Prostatic Specific Antigen (PSA) Blood Test measures the level of a certain protein. In some men with prostate cancer, this level will rise, alerting the doctor that there may be a tumor. However, a normal PSA level does not rule out cancer, and an elevated level may be due to a benign condition.
Symptoms to Report to Your Doctor:
The performance of testicular self-examination is controversial. No studies have ever been done to determine the effectiveness of testicular self-examination or clinical testicular examination in reducing mortality from testicular cancer. Ask your physician if you should perform self-examination and/or have clinical testicular examinations.
Symptoms to Watch For:
Last modification date:
Mon Aug 7 13:10:31 2006