Ann Rhomberg, RNC
University of Iowa Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
First Published: 1993
Last Revised: January 2004
How Do I Know if I Am Really Safe
We would like to encourage you to take a few minutes to review the risk factors
outlined below. Many people think only of the risks for getting HIV infection/AIDS.
You may also be at risk for other diseases because of your sexual practices.
This includes things we often see in Iowa, like genital warts, chlamydia and
You May Be At High Risk If:
- you have had more than one sex partner in your life
- you know or suspect your partner has had sex with other partners
- you have had oral, vaginal, or anal sex without using a condom, glove, or
rubber dam ("barriers")
- you have shared IV drug needles or have had sex with someone who has
- you received blood between 1978 and March 1985 or have had sex with someone
who has (it is not a risk to give blood.)
- you have had sexual contact with a hemophiliac (a person with a blood-clotting
- you have had an STD in the past
You May Be At Moderate Risk If:
- you think your partner is not having sex with other partners, but you are
not 100% sure (and you are not using a barrier.)
You Are Likely At Low Risk If:
- you are 100% sure that your partner is not having sex with other partners
and your partner has tested negative for STDs
- you have never shared IV drugs or had sex with someone else who has
- you did not receive blood between 1978 and 1985 nor had sex with someone
- you have tested negative for chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and have not
engaged in unsafe sex since the tests
- you have had a normal pap smear in the last year or so
- you have tested negative for HIV 3 to 6 months since the last time you had
Think About This:
If you have questions or concerns, please ask the nurse or doctor. We can test
for most STDs during your visit today.
- Do you want to be tested for STDs today?
- Do you need to change any of your sexual practices?