University of Iowa Department of Radiology, Section of Pediatric Radiology
Peer Review Status: Internally Peer Reviewed
Creation Date: October 1991
Last Revision Date: October 1991
An enteroclysis is an X-ray examination of the small intestine. After a plain film (without X-ray contrast) of the abdomen is obtained, the radiologist will place a special nasogastric tube through the nose, and guide it through the stomach and into the jejunum (beginning part of the small intestine). Some numbing medication, or local anesthetic, may be used to help this process along.
Under fluoroscopy, barium contrast is injected, and followed by the doctor until the small bowel has been visualized in its entirety. Films are obtained during and after this procedure, and studied in depth after the examination is finished.